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Table 2 Intra-group analysis of results

From: Scoliosis: lower limb asymmetries during the gait cycle

  Study group Control group
Cc Cx p Left Right p
Temporal Parameters Step Length (m) 0.625 ± 0.043 0.628 ± 0.044 0.47 0.653 ± 0.063 0.653 ± 0.056 0.99
Step Speed (ms−1) 1.183 ± 0.139 1.199 ± 0.136 0.07 1.265 ± 0.116 1.271 ± 0.110 0.68
Cadence (steps/min) 113.6 ± 10.6 114.7 ± 10.5 0.20 117.7 ± 10.5 118.0 ± 9.3 0.68
Swing-to-Stance ratio 0.704 ± 0.069 0.696 ± 0.068 0.49 0.728 ± 0.083 0.727 ± 0.077 0.93
Vertical GRF values (% body weight) Peak during Loading 103.5 ± 8.4 104.0 ± 9.4 0.57 102.2 ± 12.5 104.7 ± 11.4 0.13
Peak during Propulsion 109.5 ± 8.0 110.4 ± 7.6 0.28 107.3 ± 11.6 110.2 ± 11.4 0.15
Peak EMG values (mV) GL 0.442 ± 0.127 0.437 ± 0.141 0.80 0.570 ± 0.263 0.552 ± 0.246 0.63
GM 0.588 ± 0.182 0.610 ± 0.205 0.54 0.711 ± 0.269 0.752 ± 0.332 0.41
VM 0.211 ± 0.177 0.183 ± 0.123 0.34 0.188 ± 0.107 0.186 ± 0.099 0.93
Time (% Gait Cycle) at which the mean peak EMG value occurs After Initial Contact GL 42.4 ± 3.2 42.0 ± 2.8 0.42 40.7 ± 2.9 40.6 ± 3.2 0.80
GM 39.3 ± 4.0 38.8 ± 4.6 0.52 37.9 ± 4.6 38.2 ± 3.1 0.66
VM 12.0 ± 23.0 4.3 ± 3.6 0.07 13.8 ± 28.2 3.6 ± 2.0 0.10
Before Toe Off GL 16.4 ± 2.4 17.0 ± 2.6 0.08 17.3 ± 2.9 17.4 ± 2.9 0.82
GM 19.5 ± 3.0 20.3 ± 4.3 0.33 20.1 ± 4.2 19.8 ± 2.2 0.71
VM 53.2 ± 6.4 54.8 ± 4.5 0.15 52.9 ± 10.2 54.4 ± 3.4 0.51
  1. Note: Side-to-side lower limb values are evaluated in terms of concavity (Cc) vs. convexity (Cx) side for the Study Group, and left vs. right for the Control Group