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Table 3 Inter-group analysis of results

From: Scoliosis: lower limb asymmetries during the gait cycle

  Difference in Magnitude of Lower Limb Asymmetry Global Mean
SG CG p SG CG p
Temporal Parameters Stride Length (m) 0.027 ± 0.032 0.030 ± 0.032 0.72 1.185 ± 0.124 1.280 ± 0.071 0.002
Stride Time (s) 0.035 ± 0.026 0.036 ± 0.031 0.88 1.129 ± 0.135 1.022 ± 0.080 0.001
Step Length (m) 0.013 ± 0.014 0.013 ± 0.013 0.96 0.626 ± 0.043 0.653 ± 0.059 0.06
Speed of Gait (ms−1) 0.037 ± 0.033 0.051 ± 0.039 0.16 1.191 ± 0.135 1.268 ± 0.108 0.03
Cadence (steps/min) 3.5 ± 3.2 3.6 ± 2.7 0.87 114.1 ± 10.3 117.8 ± 9.6 0.18
Swing-to-Stance ratio 0.046 ± 0.042 0.032 ± 0.033 0.18 0.700 ± 0.061 0.728 ± 0.077 0.14
Vertical GRF values (% body weight) Peak during Loading 3.7 ± 2.8 5.8 ± 5.9 0.09 103.8 ± 8.6 103.5 ± 11.5 0.90
Peak during Propulsion 3.0 ± 3.7 6.0 ± 7.5 0.06 109.9 ± 7.5 108.8 ± 10.6 0.64
Peak EMG values (mV) GL 0.089 ± 0.074 0.139 ± 0.120 0.06 n/a n/a n/a
GM 0.139 ± 0.138 0.161 ± 0.172 0.62 n/a n/a n/a
VM 0.097 ± 0.130 0.076 ± 0.061 0.46 n/a n/a n/a
Time (% Gait Cycle) at which the mean peak EMG value occurs After Initial Contact GL 2.1 ± 1.5 1.2 ± 1.0 0.02 42.2 ± 2.7 40.7 ± 2.9 0.05
GM 2.5 ± 3.6 2.3 ± 2.4 0.81 39.0 ± 3.7 38.1 ± 3.5 0.34
VM 8.4 ± 22.4 11.9 ± 28.0 0.61 8.1 ± 11.9 8.7 ± 13.9 0.88
Before Toe Off GL 1.5 ± 1.5 1.6 ± 1.2 0.90 16.7 ± 2.3 17.4 ± 2.7 0.34
GM 2.6 ± 3.7 2.8 ± 2.5 0.87 19.9 ± 3.0 19.9 ± 2.8 0.95
VM 3.7 ± 5.0 4.4 ± 9.7 0.74 54.0 ± 4.7 53.7 ± 5.4 0.80