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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study groups

From: Passive standing as an adjunct rehabilitation intervention after stroke: a randomized controlled trial

  Control 20’ SSP 40’ SSP P
(n = 20) (n = 24) (n = 31)
Variable    
Age 75.15 (±3.64) 76.65 (±1.78) 72 (±2.62) 0.430
Days from event 13.5 (±0.92) 12.13 (±0.86) 11.87 (±0.69) 0.562
Gender F/M 8/12 14/10 16/15 0.476
Type of stroke I/E 10/10 17/7 21/10 0.305
Lesion side DX/SX 6/14 10/14 11/20 0.722
FAC 0/1 14/6 20/4 20/11 0.297
Trunk control upright No/Yes 7/13 12/11 17/14 0.353
NIHSS 7.70 (±1.02) 8.71 (±0.97) 8.68 (±0.82) 0.716
FM 10.55 (±1.11) 8.89 (±1.19) 8.33 (±0.91) 0.600
FIM 53.65 (±3.83) 51.17 (±2.85) 49.45 (±2.89) 0.708
SBP supine 127.75 (±3.44) 129.17 (±3.06) 123.28 (±4.51) 0.752
DBP supine 72.25 (±2) 72.08 (±1.7) 76.61 (±2.09) 0.673
SBP standing 123.75 (±3.44) 124.17 (±3.06) 123.28 (±4.51) 0.916
DBP standing 72.50 (±2.16) 69.79 (±1.69) 74.31 (±1.99) 0.674
MAS 3.5 (±0.43) 4.26 (±0.5) 4.14 (±0.48) 0.538
TCTa 55.50 (±8.96) 45.79 (±8.52) 46.19 (±7.94) 0.681
  1. Data are mean (standard error) and proportions for continuous- and ordinal- or categorical- variables respectively
  2. 20’ SSP 20 min Supported Standing Practice, 40’ SSP 40 min Supported Standing Practice, DBP Diastolic Blood pressure, FAC Functional Ambulation Categories, FIM Functional Independence Measure, FM Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke - motor domain, NIHSS National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, MAS Modified Ashworth Scale, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, TCT Trunk Control Test
  3. aSample at T0: Control = 12, 20’ SSP = 14, 40’ SSP = 16