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Table 1 Comparison of the participants’ general characteristics by treatment groups

From: Comparative efficacy of three active treatment modules on psychosocial variables in patients with long-term mechanical low-back pain: a randomized-controlled trial

  MPG MPSBEEG MPDBEEG   
Variable (n = 25) (n = 22) (n = 20)   
  Mean (95 %CI) Mean (95 %CI) Mean (95 %CI) F-ratio p-value*
Age (yr) 50.6 (47.5 – 53.7) 51.2 (47.9 – 54.5) 53.8 (50.6 – 57.0) 1.106 0.339
Height (m) 1.67 (1.65 – 1.69) 1.66 (1.64 – 1.68) 1.68 (1.66 – 1.70) 2.185 0.331
Weight (Kg) 76.3 (72.2 – 80.4) 75.2 (69.3 – 81.1) 77.2 (72.2 – 82.3) 0.156 0.856
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.5 (25.8 – 29.2) 27.3 (25.0 – 29.6) 26.9 (25.1 – 28.7) 0.093 0.912
VAS average 6.04 (5.28 – 6.80) 6.54 (5.78 – 7.30) 6.10 (5.26 – 6.94) 1.203 0.307
  Mean rank Mean rank Mean rank H p-value**
BBQ 28.1 35.1 40.3 4.788 0.091
PSEQ 32.8 33.4 36.3 0.408 0.815
FABQ-P 33.8 35.2 32.9 0.166 0.920
FABQ-W 30.2 35.2 37.5 1.840 0.399
OLBPQ 45.2 41.5 45.3 0.365 0.574
  1. MPG McKenzie Protocol Group, MPSBEEG McKenzie Protocol plus Static Back Endurance Exercise Group, MPDBEEG McKenzie Protocol plus Dynamic Back Endurance Exercise Group, CI Confidence Interval, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, BBQ Back belief questionnaire, PSEQ Pain self efficacy questionnaire, FABQ-P Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire – (Physical), FABQ-W Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (Work), ODI Oswestry Disability Index
  2. *indicates - One-way ANOVA; **indicates - Kruskal Wallis test