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Table 2 Psychosocial variables treatment outcomes among participants in the MPG, MPSBEEG, MPDBEEG across the 3 time points of the study

From: Comparative efficacy of three active treatment modules on psychosocial variables in patients with long-term mechanical low-back pain: a randomized-controlled trial

  Baseline 4th week 8th week   
Outcome Mean rank Mean rank Mean rank χ2 p-value**
MPG (n = 25)
 BBQ 28.1a 34.4b 36.4b 49.238 0.001
 PSEQ 32.8a 44.7b 47.1b 45.632 0.001
 FABQ-P 33.8a 14.7b 11.1b 50.210 0.001
 FABQ-W 30.2a 24.2b 19.3c 48.980 0.001
MPSBEEG (n = 22)
 BBQ 35.1a 36.5b 38.1b 37.904 0.001
 PSEQ 33.4a 45.5b 47.6b 41.302 0.001
 FABQ-P 35.2a 14.6b 11.0b 40.000 0.001
 FABQ-W 35.2a 25.7b 21.2b 44.000 0.001
MPSBEEG (n = 20)
 BBQ 40.3a 38.4b 39.8c 35.096 0.001
 PSEQ 36.3a 47.6b 50.5c 38.100 0.001
 FABQ-P 32.9a 14.8b 11.1c 39.980 0.001
 FABQ-W 37.5a 26.8b 22.2c 40.000 0.001
  1. **indicates - Friedman’s ANOVA
  2. Superscripts ( a,b,c ). Based on the Wilcoxon signed ranked test results, for a particular variable, mean values with different superscript are significantly (p < 0.05) different. Mean values with same superscripts are not significantly (p > 0.05) different
  3. BBQ Back belief questionnaire, PSEQ Pain self efficacy questionnaire, FABQ-P Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire – (Physical), FABQ-W Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (Work)