Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of participants’ demographic variables

From: Effectiveness of three modes of kinetic-chain exercises on quadriceps muscle strength and thigh girth among individuals with knee osteoarthritis

  Groups   
OKCE CKCE CCE
(n = 32) (n = 32) (n = 32)
Variable Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD F-value p-value
Age (Years) 63.50 ± 13.83 61.53 ± 12.94 58.78 ± 14.41 0.952 0.390
Height (m) 1.61 ± 0.07 1.60 ± 0.07 1.62 ± 0.06 1.466 0.465
Weight (kg) 79.34 ± 21.54 77.16 ± 18.08 77.13 ± 14.42 0.156 0.856
BMI (kg/m2) 31.22 ± 9.35 30.47 ± 8.32 29.46 ± 6.60 0.375 0.689
  1. (P < 0.05)
  2. Key: OKCE Open Kinetic Chain Exercise, CKCE Closed Kinetic Chain Exercise, CCE Combined Kinetic-Chain Exercises, BMI Body mass index