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Table 4 Components of breathing exercises

From: Physiotherapy in upper abdominal surgery – what is current practice in Australia?

(n = 46) Never Rarely Sometimes Often Always
Inspiratory hold 4 4 41 41 9
SMI 9 22 24 37 9
TEE 2 13 26 48 11
Breathing control 2 20 48 26 4
Huff +/− cough 0 0 20 39 41
Proprioceptive facilitation 7 15 46 30 2
Positioning 0 9 13 39 39
Rib springing concept 46 37 15 2 0
PLB 17 35 39 9 0
PEP 7 30 46 17 0
CPAP 37 41 22 0 0
IS 41 35 15 7 2
IPPB 70 24 7 0 0
Other(s) (please specify) 83 9 7 0 2
  1. Values expressed as %. Values in bold represent the most frequently used components of breathing exercises
  2. SMI sustained maximal inspiration, PEP positive expiratory pressure, IS incentive spirometry, TEE thoracic expansion exercises, CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing, PLB pursed lip breathing