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Table 5 Summary of outcomes

From: Depicting individual responses to physical therapist led chronic pain self-management support with pain science education and exercise in primary health care: multiple case studies

  High attendance, no meaningful change pair Low attendance pair High attendance, meaningful improvement pair
Participant 1 2 3 4 5 6
Assessment time-point (week) 7 18 7 18 7 18 7 18 7 18 7 18
SMFA-DI (0–100) -9.6 a −1.5 6.6 7.4 3.7 10.3 b −8.9 b 8.8a −37.5 b −36.0 b −4.4 −12.5 b
SMFA-BI (0–100) −12.5 b −29.1 b −20.8 b 0.0 4.2 8.3a −16.7 b −2.1 −49.4 b −57.4 b −10.5 b −14.6 b
NPRS (0–10) 1 2 1 3a 1 0 0 1 −7 b −5 b −3 b −5 b
NFRS (0–10) −2 b −2 b −2 b −2 b 1 −1 −1 −1 −5 b −3 b −2 b −3 b
PHQ-9 (0–27) 0 3 −3 −10 b −2 −3 −3 0 −18 b −12 b −9 b −14 b
PI (8–40) −8 b 0 −5 b −4 2 −1 −13 b −2 −12 b −7 b −12 b −19 b
PCS (0–52) −36 b −4 −6 −4 −10 −10 −10 −7 −26 b −17 b −19 b −24 b
TSK-11 (11–44) −2 −6 b −1 −1 −3 −7 b −8 b −6 b −6 b −2 −7 −7 b
IEQ (0–48) −6 −4 2 −1 13b 1 −10 b −8 b −18 b −15 b −11 b −23 b
PCL-C (17–85) −24 b −32 b −14 b −2 −8 2 −11 b −6 −13 b −19 b −27 b −32 b
PSEQ (0–60) 22 b 9 5 11b −7 7 4 9 6 5 −3 10
GPE (−3 to +3) 0 0 1 1 −1 0 1 1 2 2 1 1
Satisfaction (−3 to +3) 1   1   2   2   3   3  
  1. aclinically meaningful improvement, bclinically meaningful decline; abbreviations: SMFA = short musculoskeletal function assessment, DI = dysfunction index, BI = bother index, NPRS = numeric pain rating scale (average pain intensity over the past 2 weeks), NFRS = numeric fatigue rating scale (average fatigue over the past 2 weeks), PHQ-9 = 9-item Patient health questionnaire, PI = 8-item PROMIS pain interference scale, PCS = pain catastrophizing scale, TSK-11 = 11-item Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia, IEQ = Injustice Experience Questionnaire, PCL-C = Post-traumatic stress disorder checklist – Civilian Version, PSEQ = Pain self-efficacy questionnaire, GPE = global perceived effect (−3 = much worse, −2 = moderately worse, −1 = slightly worse, 0 = no change, 1 = slightly better, 2 = much better, 3 = completely better, Satistfaction = patient reported satisfaction with health care (−3 = very dissatisfied, −2 = moderately dissatisfied, −1 = slightly dissatisfied, 0 = neutral, 1 = slightly satisfied, 2 = moderately satisfied, 3 = very satisfied)